Leadership and Counseling
Q. What publication covers military leadership? A. FM 22-100.
Q. What is the latest publication of FM 22-100? A July 1990.
Q. What is military leadership? A. The process of influencing others to accomplish the mission by providing purpose, direction, and motivation.
Q. What is a principle? A. Principles are guidelines.
Q. How many principles are there? A. Eleven.
Q. Name the eleven principles of leadership. A. Know yourself and seek self-improvement, Be technically and tactically proficient, Seek responsibility and take responsibility for your actions, Make sound and timely decisions, Set the example, Know your soldiers and look out for their welfare, Keep your soldiers informed, Develop a sense of responsibility in your subordinates, Ensure that the task is understood, supervised and accomplished, Build the team, Employ your unit in accordance with its capabilities.
Q. What are the four main factors of leadership? A. The led, leader, situation and communication.
Q. How many human needs are there? A. Four.
Q. Name the four human needs. A. Physical needs, Security needs, Social needs and Higher (religious) needs.
Q. Is any one human need more important than another? A. No.
Q. What is the difference between technical and tactical knowledge? A. Technical knowledge is the knowledge you have to operate your equipment; Tactical knowledge is the knowledge you have to employ your equipment.
Q. What is discipline? A. Discipline is the attitude of an individual or group that insures prompt obedience of orders or initiation of appropriate action in the absence of orders.
Q. What is cohesion (esprit de corps)? A. Cohesion is a strong mutual bond of respect, trust, confidence and understanding among members of a group.
Q. What are the five steps to problem solving? A.
- 1. Recognize and define the problem.
- 2. Gather facts and make assumptions.
- 3. Develop possible solutions.
- 4. Analyze and compare the possible solutions.
- 5. Select the best solution.
Q. Faulty communications causes most problems. True or false? A. True.
Q. What is communications? A. Communications is the flow or exchange of information and ideas from one person to another.
Q. What is tact? A. A keen sense of what to do or say in order to maintain good relations with others and to avoid offense.
Q. How many and what are the parts involved in communications? A. Two, sending and receiving.
Q. To insure that he understands a message sent to him, the receiver should send what back to the transmitter? A. Feedback.
Q. In communications, your exchange of information has three important parts. What are they? A. Message, content and context.
Q. Name two barriers of communications. A. Physical and psychological.
Q. Name some physical barriers of communications. A. Noise of battle, distance, any other physical factors that distract the attention of the sender and receiver.
Q. Psychological barriers are harder to overcome than physical barriers. True or false? A. True.
Q. Define supervision. A. Supervision is keeping grasp on the situation and ensuring plans are implemented properly.
Q. Formal and informal inspections are a good way of evaluating a units effectiveness. True or false? A. True.
Q. Define motivation. A. Influencing people to want to do what you know must be done.
Q. Motivation in self-motivated professional soldiers comes from three basic needs. What are they? A. Job security, Promotion, Approval of peers and superiors.
Q. What is the objective of leadership? A. Successful accomplishment of the mission.
Q. Name the four indicators of good leadership. A. Proficiency, Discipline, Cohesion, and Morale.
Q. What are the two basic responsibilities of a leader and which come first? A. Mission accomplishment and welfare of the troops. Mission accomplishment comes first.
Q. What is unique about a showdown inspection? A. It is unannounced and required no preparation by the individual inspected.
Q. What is Integrity? A. Integrity is the utter sincerity, honesty and candor. It is the avoidance of any kind of deceptive, shallow, or expedient behavior.
Q. What are the purposes of inspections? A. To ensure the soldiers’ health and welfare and the maintenance, serviceability and accountability of government property.
Q. Basic soldiering and training are the sole responsibility of whom? A. The NCOs.
Q. Who conducts the daily business within established policies? A. The NCOs.
Q. What is the difference between a duty and a task? A. A duty gives the leader and soldier a general guideline about what is expected of them; a task is an element that makes up a duty, the specific things done to accomplish a duty.
Q. What is the most important factor in minimizing AWOL? A. The leader.
Q. What is the definition of an effective unit. A. One that accomplishes its assigned mission with minimum means and time.
Q. Name five things in a unit that effect morale. A. Mess, Military Justice, Mail, Supply, Billets.
Q. Leadership is largely developed by what? A. Experience, environment and learning.
Q. What are the nine leadership competencies? A. Communications; Supervision; Teaching and Counseling; Soldier Team Development; Technical and Tactical Proficiency; Decision Making; Planning; Use of Available Systems; Professional Ethics.
Q. What is the objective of counseling? A. For one person to help another.
Q. Define ethics. A. Ethics are principles or standards that guide professionals to do the moral or right thing.
Q. What are the four elements of the professional army ethics? A. Loyalty, Duty, Selfless service and Integrity.
Q. What are the four steps to the ethical decision making process? A. 1. Interpret the situation. 2. Analyze all the factors and forces that relate to the dilemma. 3. Choose the course of action you believe will best serve the nation. 4. Implement the course of action you have chosen.
Q. To insure your soldiers understand and are carrying out the task, you should do what? A. Supervise the task.
Q. When taking over a new command a leader should not try to make too many changes before he does what for a while? A. Observe.
Q. If a person studies human behavior it will make him a better leader. True or false? A. True.
Q. Name some good conditions that make for good discipline. A. High performance standards, Loyalty to superiors and subordinates, Competitive activities, Tough training, Open channel of communications.
Q. What is the span of control? A. Your direct subordinates. Q. What are the three attributes of a good leader? A. Be, Know, Do.
Q. What must a good leader be? A. Committed to the professional army ethic, In possession of professional character traits.
Q. What must a good leader know? A. Know the standards, Know yourself, Know human nature, Know your job, and Know your unit.
Q. What must a good leader do? A. Provide direction, Implement, Motivate.
Q. What are beliefs? A. Beliefs are assumptions or convictions you hold as true about something, concept or person.
Q. What are values? A. Values are attitudes about the worth or importance of people, concepts or things.
Q. What are norms? A. Norms are the rules or laws normally based on agreed upon beliefs and values that members of a group fall into one of two categories.
Q. What are the six forces that influence decision making? A. Laws, orders and regulations; Basic national values; Traditional army values; Unit operations values; Your values; Institutional pressures.
Q. As a good NCO and leader, you should take what actions and attitude when dealing with local civilians? A. Show good manners and courtesy.
Q. What are the differences between leadership traits and principles? A. Traits are personal qualities, Principles are guidelines.
Q. What are the character traits of a leader? A. Bearing, Courage, Decisiveness, Endurance, Initiative, Maturity, Will, Candor, Competence, Commitment, Self discipline, Flexibility, Confidence, Integrity, Justice. Tact Coolness Improvement Assertiveness Empathy/compassion Sense of humor Creativity Humility
Q. What are the four leadership values (soldierly values)? A. Courage, Candor, Competence, Commitment.
Q. What publication covers Leadership Counseling? A. FM 22-101.
Q. What course of action should a supervisor take when a subordinate has been performing below his/her usual standards? A. 1. Counsel about substandard performance. 2. Attempt to define the problem with the soldier. 3. Afford opportunity and time to solve the problem. 4. Make a written statement of counseling.
Q. What are the three approaches to counseling? A. Directive, Non-directive, and Combined.
Q. What are the three basic leadership styles? A. Directing, Participating and Delegating.
Q. What are the two modes of leadership? A. Direct and indirect.
Q. The authority of command that one individual exercises over others is acquired as a result of what? A. Grade and assignment.
Q. Must a commander have an open door policy? A. Yes.
Q. The mess hall has no effect on the morale of your unit. True or false? A. False, it has a great effect.
Q. What is esprit de corps? A. Common spirit implying enthusiasm, devotion and regard for the honor and achievements of the group/unit.
Q. What are the five types of counseling? A. Performance, Professional, Personal, Integration, and Discipline.
Q. What are the stresses that influence behavior? A. Fear, Hunger, Illness, Anxiety, Fatigue.
Q. What is the concept of leadership for the U.S. Army based on? A. Accomplishing the organizational mission while preserving the dignity of the soldier.
Q. What is prejudice? A. An irrational attitude of hostility directed against an individual, group, race or their supposed characteristics.
Q. What are most racial problems in the Army caused by? A. A lack of understanding of the other person’s problems.
Q. What is meant by management? A. The process whereby resources of men, material, time and facilities are utilized to accomplish the mission and task of the organization.
Q. By neglecting the welfare of your soldiers, you will probably do what? A. Lose their respect and loyal cooperation.
Q. You can best develop initiative among your men by? A. Assigning appropriate duties and then observing the planning and execution of the details.
Q. The best way for you to develop your leadership ability is to analyze your leadership traits and do what? A. Correct the traits in which you are weak and further improve those in which you are strong.
Q. What is the purpose of the Character Guidance Program? A. To assist commanders in promoting a healthy mental and moral attitude among their soldiers by insuring a continuance in the Army of wholesome influence of home, family and community.
Q. What are the basic rules of inspections? A. Having announced an inspection, perform it; Commend men for good things, and insist on corrective action where needed, insist on complete compliance with prescribed standards.
Q. What are the requirements of successful counseling? A. 1. Establish communications. 2. Get the person to feel at ease. 3. Listen to the problem. 4. Don’t put the person down by showing him his problem is common. 5. Develop confidence between the counselee and yourself.
Q. What are the supports of human behavior as it relates to the Army? A. Group ties, Success, Discipline, Patriotism, Morale, Leadership, and Religious faith.
Q. What are the five steps in preparing to counsel? A. 1. Advance notification. 2. Selection of a site. 3. Schedule of an appropriate time. 4. General outline. 5. Create a desired atmosphere.
Q. What form is used for counseling? A. DA 4856.
Q. What is the definition of counseling? A. A process of listening, communicating advice, instruction, or judgment with the intent of influencing a person’s attitude or behavior.
Q. Is it a requirement that a leader counsel his/her subordinates? A. Yes. A leader who neglects to counsel his subordinates is negligent in his performance of duty.
Q. Is performance counseling limited to bad performance? A. No. Counseling may be for good performance as well.